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Search - "!security"
They call it $5/gb hotel wifi, i call it free uncapped 100meg fibre because your security sucks
Oh and they host their entire POS (and database with backups) on the same network accessible to every TV in the hotel22
"You should use Windows server!"
It was a high security project which needed to run very stable. Even the windows sysadmin looked at that guy like 'dude what the actual fuck'.27
Me wanting to board Plane,
Goes through security Check...
"Sorry sir Laptops are not allowed."
"It could be a modified bomb"
"But this is a Tablet!"
"No sir, it has a Keyboard and Trackpad attached to it, its also running Windows..."
"Excuse me, but this is clearly a Tablet"
*Detatches Keyboard from Surface Book*
"Sorry sir, but no. You cant board the plane with this, only Tablets and Smartphones"
"WTF? you dont allow Laptops because they could be bombs but A FUCKING SMARTPHONE IS ALLOWED? AND TABLETS TOO?!"
"Yes, because the Battery is not removable..."
"But my Laptop Battery is also not Removable..."
"I dont have anymore Time for an Argument"
"So I can board the Plane?"
"No, the Ticket will be refunded"
WHO THE FUCK CAME UP WITH THIS BULLSHIT? LIKE RLY? WHO!!
I MEAN WHAT THE FUCK IS ALLOWED?!31
At the airport.
Security: Please put all your electronics in the bin, including your watch.
Me: No problem
<goes through scanner>
Me: there was an Apple Watch in here and now it is gone.
Security: Oh, you lost your Apple Watch?
Me: No! I put my Apple Watch in the bin like you instructed and YOU lost my Apple Watch.
Security: It must be in the spinners.
Me: So my $500 Watch is in the spinners being run over by bins?
Security: you have to put the small things on the bottom.
Me: It was on the bottom and I did as you asked, this is entirely on you. Do not try to shift the blame to me again please.
Security: As I said...
Me: As I said, Do not try to shift the blame to me again. This is entirely your responsibility once you separate me from my electronics so you can perform security theatre. Have a nice day.
Fuck this god damn security theatre. Fuck the dumbasses they hire. Fuck your country. Fuck your god damn feeling of insecurity. Fuck Your ineffective security theatre.
Sick my fucking dick until you choke and gag you worthless pieces of shit. Homeless people the street provide more security than you incompetent, under-educated assholes. Fuck you
And yes, I have 2 fucking laptops. I have a real fucking job where I provide actual value and for that I need a work laptop. I don’t come to work in a stupid looking outfit with a chip on my shoulder looking to inconvenience people. I come to work to provide real value to someone.
Fuck you and your worthless bullshit46
I'm, for obvious reasons, only going to talk about the attacks I went through and the *legal* ones I did 😅 😜
Let's first get some things clear/funny facts:
I've been doing offensive security since I was 14-15. Defensive since the age of 16-17. I'm getting close to 23 now, for the record.
First system ever hacked (metasploit exploit): Windows XP.
(To be clear, at home through a pentesting environment, all legal)
Easiest system ever hacked: Windows XP yet again.
Time it took me to crack/hack into today's OS's (remote + local exploits, don't remember which ones I used by the way):
Windows: XP - five seconds (damn, those metasploit exploits are powerful)
Windows Vista: Few minutes.
Windows 7: Few minutes.
Windows 10: Few minutes.
OSX (in general): 1 Hour (finding a good exploit took some time, got to root level easily aftewards. No, I do not remember how/what exactly, it's years and years ago)
Linux (Ubuntu): A month approx. Ended up using a Java applet through Firefox when that was still a thing. Literally had to click it manually xD
Linux: (RHEL based systems): Still not exploited, SELinux is powerful, motherfucker.
Keep in mind that I had a great pentesting setup back then 😊. I don't have nor do that anymore since I love defensive security more nowadays and simply don't have the time anymore.
Dealing with attacks and getting hacked.
Keep in mind that I manage around 20 servers (including vps's and dedi's) so I get the usual amount of ssh brute force attacks (thanks for keeping me safe, CSF!) which is about 40-50K every hour. Those ip's automatically get blocked after three failed attempts within 5 minutes. No root login allowed + rsa key login with freaking strong passwords/passphrases.
linu.xxx/much-security.nl - All kinds of attacks, application attacks, brute force, DDoS sometimes but that is also mostly mitigated at provider level, to name a few. So, except for my own tests and a few ddos's on both those domains, nothing really threatening. (as in, nothing seems to have fucked anything up yet)
How did I discover that two of my servers were hacked through brute forcers while no brute force protection was in place yet? installed a barebones ubuntu server onto both. They only come with system-default applications. Tried installing Nginx next day, port 80 was already in use. I always run 'pidof apache2' to make sure it isn't running and thought I'd run that for fun while I knew I didn't install it and it didn't come with the distro. It was actually running. Checked the auth logs and saw succesful root logins - fuck me - reinstalled the servers and installed Fail2Ban. It bans any ip address which had three failed ssh logins within 5 minutes:
Enabled Fail2Ban -> checked iptables (iptables -L) literally two seconds later: 100+ banned ip addresses - holy fuck, no wonder I got hacked!
One other kind/type of attack I get regularly but if it doesn't get much worse, I'll deal with that :)
Dealing with different kinds of attacks:
Web app attacks: extensively testing everything for security vulns before releasing it into the open.
Network attacks: Nginx rate limiting/CSF rate limiting against SYN DDoS attacks for example.
System attacks: Anti brute force software (Fail2Ban or CSF), anti rootkit software, AppArmor or (which I prefer) SELinux which actually catches quite some web app attacks as well and REGULARLY UPDATING THE SERVERS/SOFTWARE.
So yah, hereby :P38
A dude with a THICK Russian accent just called me offering server security services.
After I politely declined, he insisted on a free audit of my servers. I declined that as well.
Now I’m backing up our DB’s and going through my nginx logs.
Am I being racist?21
So my Cyber Security lecturer was talking about scam emails and how potential hackers can spoof their identity in order to gain information or get some malware on your PC.
Since this was all really obvious, I decided to email him with a crude scam email myself for the lols.
To his credit he saw the funny side.5
Are you serious? Are you afraid of an SQL injection or something, and instead of properly sanitizing your queries you disallow characters? Or is your software and database so outdated that you're afraid special characters will break it? Goodbye security15
"I really love the new $3k Fortigate firewall switch you bought for the office after our chat about security but it doesn't change the fact that you can access any computer in the company using Password123" - me13
What the actual fuck? Person (or people!) who devised this password policy, you are an idiot (or idiots - all of you). You are stupid and insane and have no idea about security or user experience.15
Presenting my paper on PHP Security in IEEE conference today... Wish me luck. I hope it gets published 😃🤞4
A conversation with our network/system admin.
Me : Can I install linux on my computer, windows is slow and terrible.
Him : No, if you use anything but Windows in this company, you will be fired for bypassing our security protocols. Its written in your contract.
Me : *boots up my Macbook*13
Found a security hole....
A fast food delivery service had an ID for every order it Said
"example.com/order/9237" - i go 9236... finds another persons order, address, and phone number
So What should i do?
i thought of making a crawler and then make statistics on everyones orders and send Them a link 😂20
Found a private api key on a github project. Created a pull request with key changed to “TH1S5HOULDB3SECR3T!iMBECIL5“ comment was “security fix“ i wonder if they accept4
Navy story time again. Grab that coffee and fire up Kali, the theme is security.
So, when I got promoted to Lieutenant Jr. I had to attend a 1-year school inside my nostalgic Naval Academy... BUT! I was wiser, I was older... and I was bored. Like, really bored. What could go wrong? Well, all my fellow officers were bored too, so they started downloading/streaming/torrenting like crazy, and I had to wait for hours for the Kali updates to download, so...
mdk3 wlan0mon -d
I had this external wifi atheros card with two antennae and kicked all of them off the wifi. Some slightly smarter ones plugged cables on the net, and kept going, enjoying much faster speeds. I had to go to the bathroom, and once I returned they had unplugged the card. That kind of pissed me off, since they also thought it would be funny to hide it, along with the mouse.
But, oh boy, they had no idea what supreme asshole I can be when I am irked.
So, arpspoof it is. Turns out, there were no subnetworks, and the broadcast domain was ALL of the academy. That means I shut EVERYONE off, except me. Hardware was returned in 1 minute with the requested apologies, but fuck it, I kept the whole academy off the net for 6 hours. The sysadmin ran around like crazy, because nothing was working. Not even the servers.
I finally took pity on the guy (he had gotten the duties of sysadmin when the previous sysad died, so think about that) and he almost assaulted me when I told him. As it turned out, the guy never had any training or knowledge on security, so I had to show him a few things, and point him to where he could study about the rest. But still, some selective arp poison on select douchebags was in order...
Needless to say, people were VERY polite to me after that. And the net speed was up again, so I got bored. Again. So I started scanning the net.
To be continued...3
I competed in two competitions Computer Security and C++ Programming and I got 6th in Security and 1st in C++!!12
PM: We need security on signup, the password entry should contain "A capital letter, 2 numbers, a symbol, an inspiring message, a spell, a gang sign, a hieroglyph and the blood of a virgin."
Navy story continued.
And continuing from the arp poisoning and boredom, I started scanning the network...
So I found plenty of WinXP computers, even some Win2k servers (I shit you not, the year was 201X) I decided to play around with merasploit a bit. I mean, this had to be a secure net, right?
Like hell it was.
Among the select douchebags I arp poisoned was a senior officer that had a VERY high idea for himself, and also believed he was tech-savvy. Now that, is a combination that is the red cloth for assholes like me. But I had to be more careful, as news of the network outage leaked, and rumours of "that guy" went amok, but because the whole sysadmin thing was on the shoulders of one guy, none could track it to me in explicit way. Not that i cared, actually, when I am pissed I act with all the subtleness of an atom bomb on steroids.
So, after some scanning and arp poisoning (changing the source MAC address this time) I said...
"Let's try this common exploit, it supposedly shouldn't work, there have been notifications about it, I've read them." Oh boy, was I in for a treat. 12 meterpreter sessions. FUCKING 12. The academy's online printer had no authentication, so I took the liberty of printing a few pages of ASCII jolly rogers (cute stuff, I know, but I was still in ITSec puberty) and decided to fuck around with the other PCs. One thing I found out is that some professors' PCs had the extreme password of 1234. Serious security, that was. Had I known earlier, I could have skipped a TON of pointless memorising...
Anyway, I was running amok the entire network, the sysad never had a chance on that, and he seemed preoccupied with EVERYTHING ELSE besides monitoring the net, like fixing (replacing) the keyboard for the commander's secretary, so...
BTW, most PCs had antivirus, but SO out of date that I didn't even need to encode the payload or do any other trick. An LDAP server was open, and the hashed admin password was the name of his wife. Go figure.
I looked at a WinXP laptop with a weird name, and fired my trusty ms08_067 on it. Passowrd: "aaw". I seriously thought that Ophcrack was broken, but I confirmed it. WTF? I started looking into the files... nothing too suspicious... wait a min, this guy is supposed to work, why his browser is showing porn?
Looking at the ""Deleted"" files (hah!) I fount a TON of documents with "SECRET" in them. Curious...
Decided to download everything, like the asshole I am, and restart his PC, AND to leave him with another desktop wallpaper and a text message. Thinking that he took the hint, I told the sysadmin about the vulnerable PCs and went to class...
In the middle of the class (I think it was anti-air warfare or anti-submarine warfare) the sysad burst through the door shouting "Stop it, that's the second-in-command's PC!".
Stunned silence. Even the professor (who was an officer). God, that was awkward. So, to make things MORE awkward (like the asshole I am) I burned every document to a DVD and the next day I took the sysad and went to the second-in-command of the academy.
Surprisingly he took the whole thing in quite the easygoing fashion. I half-expected court martial or at least a good yelling, but no. Anyway, after our conversation I cornered the sysad and barraged him with some tons of security holes, needed upgrades and settings etc. I still don't know if he managed to patch everything (I left him a detailed report) because, as I've written before, budget constraints in the military are the stuff of nightmares. Still, after that, oddly, most people wouldn't even talk to me.
God, that was a nice period of my life, not having to pretend to be interested about sports and TV shows. It would be almost like a story from highschool (if our highschool had such things as a network back then - yes, I am old).
The amount of thinking and programming that goes into writing a secure backend is fucking high but I love it!
It helps to think like someone who'd want to hack a user or the application so you know most security measures you have to take :)9
Context: I work in a cyber security company which develop cyber security solutions.
I started testing the API of the dashboard we have. Within 15 minutes, after poking around with burp suite, found SQL injection in post data that leads to the whole DB dumping in sqlmap.
Told the boss and the API developer. Boss said, "it's ok to have bugs/holes in trial box". But this is on a machine that is gonna be sent to client for trial in a few days. I even compiled a report and how to fix it, which is like 2 lines of "if else" statement by the way. Told the API developer how to fix, he didn't care. 'I work on functionality first'. Doesn't look like he gonna fix.
A damn cyber security company, developing cyber security solution, do the "don't" in web security 101, which is dumping POST data directly into the SQL query, which requires only 5 minutes to fix. 🤦♂️🤦♂️🤦♂️15
I'm a programmer and an aspiring cyber security specialist. Yesterday, after I gave a presentation about smart bulb hacking, I heard through a coworker that a cyber security company is interested in talking to me. Yay!11
I recently found a company that used employee social security numbers as their login username and their MMDDYYYY as their password (which could not be changed) also their entire network was using a router with no wifi password set. :/8
First rant, please take pity on the noob! 😐
Recently I've secured many of my user accounts spread throughout the internet. Using the same old password for everything is bad for security and for mental health! 😫
Since I was on the mood, I've tried to do a 'break glass' scenario, simulating an attacker that possessed my Gmail account credentials. "How bad can it be?" I've thought to myself...
... Bad. Very bad. Turns out not only I use lots of oauth based services, I also wasn't able to authenticate back to Google without my pass.
So when you get home today, try simulating what would happen if someone got to your Google or Facebook account.
Makes you consider the amount of control these big companies have over your life 😶16
I literally cringed today when my neighbor wanted help installing an app, she didn't tell me it was her banking app... And the thing I needed to help with was logging in... So she told me her bank details...
Even though I said (multiple times) it was dangerous to do so, and that she can't just trust people with this kind of information...
WHY ARE PEOPLE SO GOD DAMN STUPID WHEN IT COMES TO SECURITY!9
One does not simply encrypt the exam tips and give it to the students in a computer security introductory module.
(The PM is pretty technical)
Me: Could you create this subdomain?
PM: Sure, just a sec.
Me: Ohh and could you add a letsencrypt cert? (one click thingy)
PM: Why would you need that on this kinda site...
Me: Well in general for security...
(referring to my internship manager/guider as Bob)
Bob: Hey... we have a new subdomain!
Bob: Wait why is there no letsencrypt certificate installed...?!?
Me: Well, the PM didn't find that neccesary...
Bob: (Oo) of course it is... are we going for security by default or what?
Me: Yup agreed.
Bob: *creates cert and sets everything up in under a minute*
It wasn't a high profile site (tiny side project) but why not add SSL when you can for free?10
Someone asked for an RSS feed for the security/privacy blog, I thought?
Well, hereby! There are three feeds:
https://much-security.nl/main.xml - a feed which is updated with both blog posts and external links relating to privacy/security I find interesting/useful.
https://much-security.nl/own.xml - a feed only containing the blogs posts themselves. For people who are only interested in that part.
https://much-security.nl/external.x... - a feed only containing external links. For people who'd like to stay updated on recent cyber security/privacy thingies.
Tracking: every time a feed is visited, a redis value for that feed get's incremented. No time, ip addresses, user agent or whatsoever is saved. Just one variable getting increased once.
New domain name will also be revealed soon (probs tomorrow, going to bed soon as I've just been sick) :D.
Oh and just a warning, the main/external feed are the only ones populated with exactly one item right now :P30
Just looked at the anonymous analytics I collect on the security/privacy blog.
No SQL Injection attacks yet (would be useless anyways as I don't use MySQL/MariaDB for the databasing.
Directory Traversal attacks. Really? 🤣
Nice try, guys.40
What is the worst thing that can happen if you report a security vulnerability to a company?
Get banned by them!
I reported a vulnerability to a company on their Facebook page(cause they don't have an email id where I can report this) and they just banned me from their page. It's really annoying me now.
And the worst thing is that they have still not fixed the issue, I wonder why the hell they banned me then.
I am planning to exploit the vulnerability and teach them why security is so important now.22
- I'm forced to do dev on Windows with no admin because security
- We receive patches to critical systems from outside company on FTP secured with password "asd123" and install them without reading because fuck security2
Fucking crunchyroll hardcodes their access tokens in a Constants Class in their APK, technically that is a security issue.
What the actual fuck Crunchyroll!? No fucking wonder you got DNS Hijacked so quick, security is literally your second priority you dumbed down twats, get some real devs and some real QAs for fucking god sakes, you're tearing down your own system by inviting exploits.9
Some of you might have seen it already, those who didn't just have to.
One of the best rants I've read lately.
"Our security auditor is an idiot. How do I give him the information he wants?"
The coolest project I've worked on was for a certain country's Navy. The project itself was cool and I'll talk about it below but first, even cooler than the project was the place were I worked on it.
I would go to this island off the coast where the navy had its armoury. Then to get into the armoury I'd go through this huge tunnel excavated in solid rock.
Finally, once inside I would have to go thru the thickest metal doors you've ever seen to get to crypto room, which was a tiny room with a bunch of really old men - cryptographers - scribbling math formulae all day long.
I can't give a lot of technical details on the project for security reasons but basically it was a bootable CD with a custom Linux distro on it. Upon booting up the system would connect to the Internet looking for other nodes (other systems booted with that CD). The systems would find each other and essentially create an ad-hoc "dark net".
The scenario was that some foreign force would have occupied the country and either destroyed or taken control of the Navy systems. In this case, some key people would boot these CDs in some PC somewhere not under foreign control (and off the navy grounds.) This would supposedly allow them to establish secure communications between surviving officers. There is a lot more to it but that's a good harmless outline.
As a bonus, I got to tour an active aircraft carrier :)10
As a firm supporter of information security, it really "irks" me to see people get up and walk away form their desks without locking their machines... Anyone else with me on this?!18
Had a discussion with a developer about security. His software transfers all user data (password and files) unencrypted, so anyone can grab them with wireshark. I told him that this is a severe issue. He said no its no problem because if you get hacked its your own fault, because you probably used an insecure network. NO ! YOU FUCKING MALADJUSTED SHEEP-MOLESTING OBJECT OF EXECRATION, YOU SHOULD ALWAYS ENCRYPT SENSITIVE USERDATA NO MATTER WHAT NETWORK YOU USE. FUCKING KILL ME ALREADY.
Not implementing encryption is one thing but then acting like its no problem is a fucking nother one. Why do people not understand that security of userdata is important???11
Security for 2017: Because SSL has nothing to do with security, and just Google's way of increasing it's monopoly...18
This looks good!
The users will be able to create a sandbox, basically a seperate Kernel for running a lightweight Windows Sandbox using Hypervisor for running/testing .exe files.
Customer: «We want all the users belonging to this organization share the same username and password»
[Editor's note: we are talking about 500 users, more or less half of the total in the system]
Customer, after some minutes: «It's very important for us having the web interface using HTTPS, because we care security a lot».
So, please, go fuck yourself. And die.6
Security rant ahead - you have been warned.
It never fails to amuse and irritate me that, despite being in the 2019 supposed information age, people still don't understand or care about their security.
I've travelled to a lot of ports and a lot of countries, but, at EVERY port, without fail, there will be at least one wifi that:
- Has default name/password that has been cracked already (Thomson/SpeedTouch/Netfaster etc)
- Has a phone number as password (reduces crack time to 15-30 mins)
- Someone, to this day, has plain old WEP
I am not talking about cafeteria/store wifi but home networks. WTF people?! I can check my email (through VPN, of course) but it still bugs me. I have relented to try and snoop around the network - I can get carried away, which is bad. Still...
The speed is great though :P10
Security tips guys :
use iptables -A INPUT -j DROP to secure your servers.
NO ONE can access your servers now... NO ONE...21
Me lost in my work, interrupted by two dudes claiming they wanna do a security audit on my pc.
Me: Go ahead!
Them : (accessing the mail site and sees creds auto filling.) what is this? This is a clear violation of security policy
Me : I use password manager called keepass. It's the most secure way to manage your credentials with key and password protection. I go ahead and lock the database and refresh to show there's no auto fill.
Them : (a little startled) still this is against policy, blah blah... You've not got authorization from us to install it...
Me : okay will do.
After some rounds of bullshit,
Them : tries to login using their credentials to report the *findings*. Takes a pause and asks, my password won't get stored right?
Me : This is not a fucking key logger.
Me (internally) : Just the fact that they think you're capable of identifying security issues bums me!7
soo... 5 days ago I ranted because of the "security" of the wifi on a restaurant.. here goes anotha one.8
Sometimes I wonder how compromised my parents online security would be without my intervention.
My mom logged into her gmail and there was an red bar on top informing about Google preventing an attempted login from an unknown device.
Like typical parents / old people, that red bar didn't caught her attention but I noticed it immediately. I took over and looked into it. It showed an IP address and a location that was quite odd.
I went ahead with the Account security review and I was shocked to find that she had set her work email address as the recovery email!!
I explained her that work email accounts cannot be trusted and IT department of the workplace can easily snoop emails and other info on that email address and should not be related to personal accounts.
After fixing that issue, me being a typical skeptic and curious guy, I decided to find more info about that IP address.
I looked up the IP address on a lookup website and it showed an ISP that was related to the corporate office of her workplace. I noticed the location Google reported also matched with the corporate office location of her work.
Prior to this event, few days ago, I had made her change her gmail account password to a more secure one. ( Her previous password was her name followed by birth date!! ). This must have sent a notification to the recovery mail address.
All these events are connected. It is very obvious that someone at corporate office goes through employees email addresses and maybe even abuse those information.
My initial skeptism of someone snooping throguh work email addresses was right.
You're welcome mom!9
Damn, credit cards are so fucking secure these days that you hardly can BUY shit with them!
I need some special electronics that I only can get from a vendor in the US, which is overseas. Click click, buy, done. Well no, credit card refused. WTF? Click retry link. No, still refused. FUCK.
Called up the 24/7 hotline of my CC company. Oh yeah, that got blocked by the security system, somehow. We disable that for 20 minutes, just retry. Clicked retry link at the vendor. No failure mail. Hmmm, too good to be true?! Called up the electronics vendor. Yeah should work, stuff is in the warehouse stage. 40 minutes later: credit card declined. FUCK.
Called up the CC company again. Ok, disable blocker for one hour. Nice advice from them, tell the vendor it's only 45 minutes so that there's some buffer. Clicked retry link at the vendor and called them up to make sure that they retry before the time runs out.
LO AND BEHOLD, I could finally pay the shit!!8
My friend tells me #Linux has demons that work in the background! Does that mean Linux users are evil too?! #imscared4
Typical TSA (Airport Security)
Security: Please put all of your handheld objects and your outer clothes in this basket.
Me: (puts my bag, in flight luggage, and takes out laptop, bluetooth speaker, bluetooth mouse, bluetooth keyboard, tablet, android phone, dongle bag, and windows phone)
S: (stares at me as if I am a rich kid)
M: May I go through?
M: (smirks, and goes through metal detector)
M: (oh shit.)
Scanning Officer: Raise your hand!
S: (Hovers the detection stick around my body, but it doesn't ring, tells me to pass through the detector again. Still rings. Super confused. Asks me to do this 2-3 times more. Still same.)
M: Aha! I have my bluetooth earphones here! Sorry!
S: (stares at me, as if he is saying what a f****** weirdo)
My stuff comes out. I put my devices in the bag. The scanning officer stares at me.
To be continued....5
OK... OK... OK...
Today we reached another level of security for one of our MiniMac in the office...
sudo chmod -R 400 /
Oh... he was supposed to write ./ but he forgot the dot...
Now, even the OS can’t work...5
Got called up today by my org's cyber security team.
Reason: Installed a font called "Hack" (https://github.com/source-foundry/...)
We recently took over development of an app. Upon inspection the API had no security, and passwords were stored in plain text. While the manager was slightly concerned, it wasn't a big deal....
That was until, using only a browser, I found the bosses account and personal email address.
Minutes later I was in his gmail, Facebook and credit cards account.
Improving security is now concern #1, and my boss is "suffering" 2 factor authy on everything.7
> Builds CLI tool to generate app security tokens
> immediately leaks first set of tokens in public commit
I astound myself with own stupidity sometimes.
A store in Russia was robbed for 30k$ using ArtMoney.
ArtMoney is a Game cheating program that is used in games that have no AntiCheat system or it is insanely horrible(Cookie clicker as an example for a game that had no anticheat and ArtMoney is used in it)
The robbers placed orders for tech(like phones and laptops) and then used the program to change the prices from thousands of dollars down to 5$.
The cheat program is insanely easy to defend against or detect its changes.
This is a good reminder to check your security if youre adminstating things like online shops or other stuff thag can be targeted at a similar fashion.5
I work at a place where security is really high when it comes to server access. Today I was in urgent need to get admin access to a server, this is a real pain. Luckily I found an xml in version control containing the credentials for the web application which happens to be an admin account! Lucky me, saved me at least two weeks of waiting to get admin access!4
Client: why do I have to use such a hard password for this website?
Me: For security reasons to protect your content and identity of your clients.
Client: Can't you just use the password that I'm used to? I use it on my banking software, and I've never been hacked so it should be good enough for you!
Me: what's the password that you want me to set up for you?
Client: you ready to take it down?
Me: go ahead.
Client: T ... U ... R ... D. You got that?
Me: ... Yes ...
Pro security tip:
Use a very simple password because h4x0rs expect a difficult one so they can't cr4ck yours9
Saw this security blunder a while ago. Went onto some site and it showed me this username/password dialog (probably an apache's htpasswd or nginx one). Went away but returned quickly because I noticed I could see all content. Then I thought 'why the fuck not try?' so I dragged the auth popup thingy to the side of the screen and et voila... I could interact with the page as if nothing was wrong while the authentication popup was hovering above the page on the right!
I sat there giggling dramatically for a while.
This is the most hilarious stackoverflow rant ever, quote:
"Strong cryptography only means the passwords must be encrypted while the user is inputting them but then they should be moved to a recoverable format for later use."
Clicking "forgot my password" and getting a mail with my password in clear text. Sending a mail and asking why they don't care about security. The answer I'm getting is "it's a feature, makes things easier". Yeah...3
My team manager showed me a web application of a new client and asked me if I can find vulnerabilities in it to push for a better product contract. She showed me the system architecture and asked me if I could try finding something from their login page. I politely refused since we don't have written permission to conduct a security audit (it's also a ministry website). She was pretty disappointed and idk if I'm doing the right thing not helping the company (I'm an intern but still). I'm sure I can scan in stealth but I don't think it's ethical on a corporate level. Thoughts?12
So I have seen this quite a few times now and posted the text below already, but I'd like to shed some light on this:
If you hit up your dev tools and check the network tab, you might see some repeated API calls. Those calls include a GET parameter named "token". The request looks something like this: "https://domain.tld/api/somecall/..."
You can think of this token as a temporary password, or a key that holds information about your user and other information in the backend. If one would steal a token that belongs to another user, you would have control over his account. Now many complained that this key is visible in the URL and not "encrypted". I'll try to explain why this is, well "wrong" or doesn't impose a bigger security risk than normal:
There is no such thing as an "unencrypted query", well besides really transmitting encrypted data. This fields are being protected by the transport layer (HTTPS) or not (HTTP) and while it might not be common to transmit these fields in a GET query parameter, it's standard to send those tokens as cookies, which are as exposed as query parameters. Hit up some random site. The chance that you'll see a PHP session id being transmitted as a cookie is high. Cookies are as exposed as any HTTP GET or POST Form data and can be viewed as easily. Look for a "details" or "http header" section in your dev tools.
Stolen tokens can be used to "log in" into the website, although it might be made harder by only allowing one IP per token or similar. However the use of such a that token is absolut standard and nothing special devRant does. Every site that offers you a "keep me logged in" or "remember me" option uses something like this, one way or the other. Because a token could have been stolen you sometimes need to additionally enter your current password when doings something security risky, like changing your password. In that case your password is being used as a second factor. The idea is, that an attacker could have stolen your token, but still doesn't know your password. It's not enough to grab a token, you need that second (or maybe thrid) factor. As an example - that's how githubs "sudo" mode works. You have got your token, that grants you more permissions than a non-logged in user has, but to do the critical stuff you need an additional token that's only valid for that session, because asking for your password before every action would be inconvenient when setting up a repo
I hope this helps understanding a bit more of this topic :)
Keep safe and keep asking questions if you fell that your data is in danger
Every time I got a mandatory security question, I type in "go fuck yourself with a cactus". There's only one answer for all of them.6
I passed my Security+ cert exam! I know a lot of people say it's super easy, but it actually has a lot of really specific networking stuff, and some legacy tech specifics, etc.6
At my previous job we had to complete an online security training exercise. It shows you how to behave secure in the work place, to not open unknown links etc. The scary part was that the entire training thing was BUILT IN FUCKING FLASH. So I'm suppose to listen to some god damn virus shitting flash application on how to do online security?! Get your shit together before teaching others.5
This is just priceless. I submitted my thesis to an academic congress, which sent me this confirmation email. They are so 'concerned about security' that they assured me the email is legitimate by including MY PASSWORD.3
It's a new semester and the introductory class for a General Ed is going on.
Prof: What do you want to be when you are done with engineering?
Me: I'd like to be in the security domain but I'm still not sure.
Prof: Then why are you doing Computer Science? You can just get a job as a security personnel.
First year at university, prepared to set up multiple electronics.
rPi, arduino Ethernet shield, laptop, and desktop.
Brand new netgear switch to satisfy my internet surfing needs....
After setting up my devices, I realized none of them have internet. Hm. The feed port on my switch wasn't blinking either. So I tell the front desk, and a short 7 days later the port is back on. Yay, problem solved.
One morning I arise to see the port dark and inactive. Furious I use my laptop to share an internet connection while my actual port is "broken".
Support ticket is reopened and this time I get an email saying the port was disabled due to a security issue.
Me: what's the issue?
IT: there was more than two devices connected to the port
(OnLy TwO dEvIcEs PeR port???)
Me: oh okay I will only connect two.
The next day the port is disabled, again.
Me: can you tell me why it was disabled?
IT: a switch was detected being used, security error.
Me: how do I connect more than one device to the port without a switch???
IT: Please only connect one device.
I'm the best.
I started a project and 12 hours of work and 16 commits later I decide to reorganize the entire project focusing on security and user experience.
I'm a genius.2
My security knowledge is so bad. But I don't know where should I start.😖
My coworkers know about this, so I don't get involved on related topics.🤤
Last time I asked same question, someone gave me link, and it all about DIY welding metal tubes into a security door.🤦♂️
Any better suggestion?13
WTF!!!!! I officially have someone trying to extort me just had this in my email box this morning!
My name is [name removed], I'm an IT security expert and I found a security issue on your website.
This email is personal and in no way related to any of my employers.
I was able to access to a lot of files which contains sensitive data.
I attached a screenshot of the files I found to this email.
I would be happy to give you the method I used to access these files in order to let you fix it.
Would be a monetary compensation possible?
Please forward this email to the right person, if your are not responsible for the security of the website.
He can basically see the contents of my wp-config.php. How has he managed this?78
I know lots of you love stickers. But be careful according to this article.
Putting Stickers On Your Laptop is Probably a Bad Security Idea
The security on my school computers is a joke.
The standard student accounts have no user rights, but the "guest" account has admin rights???
The teachers private data is not secured, it's just hidden from explorer, so if you manually type in the folder location into the explorer bar, you can access the teacher's data. Not to mention everything is running on Windows 7 machines from 10 years ago.2
"Ultron brings to you the best in security and encryption, directly taken from IE 5.5."
Microsoft seriously hates security, first they do enforce an numer, upper and lowercase combined with a special character.
But then they allow no passwords longer than 16 characters....
After that they complain that "FuckMicrosoft!1" is a password they've seen to often, gee thanks for the brute force tips.
To add insult to injury the first displayed "tip" take a look at the attached image.16
Thanks to mandatory password change, today:
- My windows account got locked because my phone kept logging into wifi using
- Google Hangouts were silently running in background with old session until I re-opened it. Work of others delayed by 4 hours due to missing message notifications.
- Docker for Windows lost credentials needed to use SMB mounts - 1h of debugging why my containers mount empty folders ( now I will know)
- Google G-Sync for Outlook asked for new password on outlook restart - few mails delayed.
All of that for sake of security that could be easily solved with 2FA instead, not faking that "I do not change number at the end of my password"
Someone ask to me as a security engineer.
Bro : what do you think about most secure way to authenticate, i read news using fingerprint no longer safe?
Me : yes they can clone your fingerprint if you take a photo with your fingerprint to camera.
Bro : so what is the other way to authenticate more secure and other people can't see in picture ?
Me : D*ck authentication is more secure now, other people can't see your d*ck pattern right?10
Today, the security department stopped our new project and told us to work on the last project instead because of a top-secret security flaw.
Problem is, they are not allowed to tell us what the problem is. FML2
github security flaw affects mac os and linux... no windows, and no MS didn't take over github yet
Tl;dr stupid password requirements
Password must not contain any non-alphanumeric characters.
Your Password change was not accepted. Enter your current Password correctly following the rules for New Passwords. Please try again.
Passwords must be between 8 and 12 characters in length and MUST contain each of the following:
At least 1 lower case character (a-z)
At least 1 upper case character (A-Z)
At least 1 numeric digit (0-9)
But, MUST NOT contain:
more than five repeating characters in a row (e.g. 111111356 would not be valid, but 112233445 would be valid)
spaces or other special characters
NOTE: Your new password cannot be the same as any of your 10 previous passwords.
Are you fucking kidding me? Only (26+26+10)^8 through
(26+26+10)^12 different passwords to go through? It's like the oxygen wasters that built this website give zero fucks about security.
Why? This is the site that manages money and investments. Just allow passwords up to 64 characters, allow any ascii character and just fucking encod the characters to prevent any Injunction.4
So... did I mention I sometimes hate banks?
But I'll start at the beginning.
In the beginning, the big bang created the universe and evolution created humans, penguins, polar bea... oh well, fuck it, a couple million years fast forward...
Your trusted, local flightless bird walks into a bank to open an account. This, on its own, was a mistake, but opening an online bank account as a minor (which I was before I turned 18, because that was how things worked) was not that easy at the time.
So, yours truly of course signs a contract, binding me to follow the BSI Grundschutz (A basic security standard in Germany, it's not a law, but part of some contracts. It contains basic security advice like "don't run unknown software, install antivirus/firewall, use strong passwords", so it's just a basic prototype for a security policy).
The copy provided with my contract states a minimum password length of 8 (somewhat reasonable if you don't limit yourself to alphanumeric, include the entire UTF 8 standard and so on).
The bank's online banking password length is limited to 5 characters. So... fuck the contract, huh?
Calling support, they claimed that it is a "technical neccessity" (I never state my job when calling a support line. The more skilled people on the other hand notice it sooner or later, the others - why bother telling them) and that it is "stored encrypted". Why they use a nonstandard way of storing and encrypting it and making it that easy to brute-force it... no idea.
However, after three login attempts, the account is blocked, so a brute force attack turns into a DOS attack.
And since the only way to unblock it is to physically appear in a branch, you just would need to hit a couple thousand accounts in a neighbourhood (not a lot if you use bots and know a thing or two about the syntax of IBAN numbers) and fill up all the branches with lots of potential hostages for your planned heist or terrorist attack. Quite useful.
So, after getting nowhere with the support - After suggesting to change my username to something cryptic and insisting that their homegrown, 2FA would prevent attacks. Unless someone would login (which worked without 2FA because the 2FA only is used when moving money), report the card missing, request a new one to a different address and log in with that. Which, you know, is quite likely to happen and be blamed on the customer.
So... I went to cancel my account there - seeing as I could not fulfill my contract as a customer. I've signed to use a minimum password length of 8. I can only use a password length of 5.
Contract void. Sometimes, I love dealing with idiots.
And these people are in charge of billions of money, stock and assets. I think I'll move to... idk, Antarctica?4
Because nothing says "security" like some good ol' Base64 encoding. Bet whoever wrote that code was wearing mirror shades.1
How do I know the email is from twitter?
Easy, just check for https and if the links *contain* twitter.com. and the browser shows a padlock, its legit!
I don't like these type of security tips.
Do they don't know SSL can be obtained for free
And twitter.com.somedomain.com can trick people too.
I think Twitter should update there security *tip* in the world where SSL is free and anybody can make a twitter.com sub domain. This can cause some trouble.6
IT security calls to tell me my new password, because it is poor practice to send it over encrypted message.
New password = password
I'm glad we are taking security so seriously!2
Trying to log in as a vendor on a client's timesheet web portal,
Web only accessible on safari,
Latest Java must be installed,
Java security must be set to highest, but Java applet for 2 very specific domain must be allowed,
An Avast antivirus must be installed for reason as below,
Must access the web, wait for applet to run and check computer's security settings, only if it's satisfactory will then redirect to a login page,
In which I spent an hour trying to figure out why I cannot login with my username, until another friend has same problem, what in common between us is both our names are long, and after experimenting, we found out that inputting only 20 characters of our name enabled us to login,
After login another tiny app will be installed and activate a VPN, in which then we are able to access the actual system,
The VPN will only active for 15-20 minutes tops, after that we will be kicked out and had to repeat the whole process,
Sometimes it works, sometimes it's not, even worse sometimes the only way to make it work again is to restart the computer, and redo the steps in exact same way
I am really getting sick of recruiters contacting me with "great opportunities" then when I ask questions about the post they just give me the answers they think I want to hear. I know when you're lying because if you knew the answer you would have led with that. At least say you'll find out more and then give me a follow up response.
Recruiter: Would it be possible for you to deliver hacking training?
Me: You mean pentesting?
R: Yes, that.
Me: Well, what will it be used for? Breaking into peoples networks and spying on them?
R: Yes, they'll want it to be able to spy on people.
Me: Well, that's unethical, I'm only interested in defensive security practices.
R: Yes, they'll only want it for ethical reasons like defence and against bad guys.
Me: *dirtiest look I could muster*
I mean there's gullible and then there's what ever it is you think I am.2
I swear, the next time I hear a web developer say to me: "Yeah let's pretend as if the security hole in the website isn't there, because truth be told, i cannot be bothered to fix it."4
Have you heard that Facebook is developing a cryptocurrency?
Huge waste of money. Everyone knows Facebooks security flaws and will problably not invest in their cryptocurrency because of that.16
So after 6 months of asking for production API token we've finally received it. It got physically delivered by a courier, passed as a text file on a CD. We didn't have a CD drive. Now we do. Because security. Only it turned out to be encrypted with our old public key so they had to redo the whole process. With our current public key. That they couldn't just download, because security, and demanded it to be passed in the fucking same way first. Luckily our hardware guy anticipated this and the CD drives he got can burn as well. So another two weeks passed and finally we got a visit from the courier again. But wait! The file was signed by two people and the signatures weren't trusted, both fingerprints I had to verify by phone, because security, and one of them was on vacation... until today when they finally called back and I could overwrite that fucking token and push to staging environment before the final push to prod.
Only for some reason I couldn't commit. Because the production token was exactly the same as the fucking test token so there was *nothing to commit!*
BECAUSE FUCKING SECURITY!5
And may I present to you, another reason to hate WordPress!
Hey, DBA guy! Security blocked this one port for the database. Can you change the database to a different port?
Me: No, I actually like working here.2
half day gone try to find or remember the password of some SSL/key/encrypt/crt/shit/whatever.
Blaming myself for hours, how could I not save the password somewhere?
(I pressed enter, no password).
I love IT security1
Anyone who's interested in cyber security, go follow Binni Shah (@binitamshah) on Twitter. The amount of tutorials and guides she retweets is crazy and very informative.
Also if you're not on Twitter you're missing out on a lot of content to learn from ✌️38
Saw a classmate returning an plain text password from a function to try to push it in a JSON file for an API we have to build for class.
I try to correct him and show him a few things that are better practices and for security, I get yelled at and called a know-it-all for trying to help... I'm so done with people -.-4
Seems like my connection to much-security isn't so... secure 😂
Didn't you forget something, @linuxxx?7
I wanna make you feel what you have brought into my house!!
I was working with security cameras once in a home automation project. One of those camera particularly stand out by offering a cgi without password request to view and change the current passwort and username.
Seriously wtf is wrong with you? I mean this thing automatically connects to an internet service offering everyone to connect to it with that passwort and username. And I know some of you might say "hey chill the cgi is only available on the wifi" - dammit no. Security is a lifestyle do it complete or get the fuck out. God knows what other mistakes there might be hidden in that thing screaming out to everyone to watch me taking a shit.
But that's not the end of it. My company arranged a call to the technical support of that camera so that I can explain the problem and a patch gets released. Those guys didn't give a shit about it and were even laughing at me. Fuck you!
So whoever is responsible - I will find you - and you will never see me coming.4
I'm checking out at Walgreens right now and have an item with a security device on it. The cashier just took a pair of scissors to it. Didn't work obviously and now I think she's trying to rip the cords off the box7
many from the outside world believe incognito is the purest form of anonymity and security.....because its logo has a suspicious man with a hat and an overcoat2
We developed this website plus custom CMS for an university. I told them that we could host the entire system and take care of it for an annual fee but they decided to host it in house because security. The IT guy didn't ask for my public key, he sent me a password. By email. Less than 8 characters long. Only recognizable abbreviated words. And a dot.3
"Using MD5" !? What year are we in again?
NOTICE OF DATA BREACH
Dear Yahoo User,
We are writing to inform you about a data security issue that may involve your Yahoo account information. We have taken steps to secure your account and are working closely with law enforcement.
What Information Was Involved?
The stolen user account information may have included names, email addresses, telephone numbers, dates of birth, hashed passwords (using MD5)2
A team at school spent 3-4months on an eStore web app, for selling items. The title was "Securing your eStore".
When they were done with their presentation, the examinator asked: "But... You haven't said a thing about the security part."
"Oh, sure we did, as we showed you, we added validation on the email address and credit card text fields etc. If you press the Pay button here, you will get an alert()-dialog telling you which fields are invalid..."2
Security fail here. I've just started a PPI claim and have been provided a link to a so called "very secure" client area.
There are no username or passwords and the screenshot is not a first time sign up screen.
All I need to login is a surname, postcode and DOB - all information easy enough to find online.
Pretty bad IMO, esp, so considering the effort required to add a proper login using a username/password combination.
I mean I'm logged in now and have no option to set an account password :|3
My university has a internal developed system, where everything is managed from e-mails, exams to personal data.
What I'd like most about it, they talk all day about Internet Security and store our passwords in plain text and if you press the "I've forgott my Password button", they even send your password unencrypted, plaintext via e-mail. (Hello Wiresharks)
I don't know how to feel about this, it just hurts :(1
Question for Web Server Gurus and Security Ninjas.
How to prevent bots, crawlers, spammers sending various numerous requests to your web servers?
There have been numerous requests to routes like /admin /ssh /phpmyadmin etc etc and all kinds of stuff to the web server.
Is there a way to automatically block those stupid IPs :/12
When an application has tons of security holes and fixes never make it into sprint prioritization because "they're not new features"4
During a design meeting, our boss tells me that Vertx's MySQL drivers don't have prepared statements, and that in the past, he's used a library or his own functions to do all the escaping.
"Are you kidding me? Are you insane?"
I insisted that surely he must be wrong; that no one would release a database library without built in support for query arguments. Escaping things by hand is just asinine and a security risk. You should always use the tools in the database drivers, as new security vulnerabilities in SQL drivers can be found and fixed so long as you keep your dependencies up to date.
He told me escaping wasn't as tricky as I made it out to be, that there were some good libraries for it, and insisted Vertx didn't have any built in support for "prepared statements." He also tried to tell us that prepared statements had performance issues.
He searched specifically for "prepared statements" and I was like, "You know they don't have to be called that. They have different names in different frameworks."
Sure enough, a short search and we discovered a function in the Vertx base database classes to allow SQL queries with parameters.
Just a rant... It really sucks to work with maven on a security-paranoid financial institution enforcing ntml proxy auth...
Also usb ports disabled... :(5
What the actual f. I just changed my password on uplay to a 30 character password which works fine on the web account manager. Apparantly some moron decided to limit password field in the uplay client where your actual games are stored to 17 or 18 characters.
And that while they want to "improve" security. Please ubisoft, fix your shit5
Conversion topic: a security feature the PM doesn't like
PM: but WordPress doesn't do this.
Me: yes but WP is hacked every couple weeks and isn't exactly a security standard!
Debate continues for 5 minutes... And I'm forced to remove the feature 😑1
I freelanced for a startup one time, and found out they had ten of thousands of records stored in their DB about dental patients, inducing name, address, social security #, some medical history, etc. All in plain text. Worst part is they hired me after a 20 min phone call, and didn't even sign a NDA!
Makes me paranoid to use the Internet knowing what some of these companies do.2
Every week in my intro to information security class we are asked about what security stuff has gone down in the past week. Equifax is making it incredibly easy to not have to do much research.1
I find it hilarious the total misconception of hacking that the general public has. I tell people I know cyber security (Not as much as a lot of people around here) but it is a hobby of mine and I find it very useful/interesting.
But I can't stop but laugh when someone is like, can you get all the text messages my bf receives?
Can you hack this for me can you back that?
C'mon even if I knew how to do that without being caught you think I would even admit that to you. Do hackers just walk around with an index card pasted to their forehead of their skill? It's not even slightly reasonable to think this lol even for someone who doesn't know about the field
I don't know why is that everytime you guys find a security bug or a data leak or that someone is saving plain passwords on their database, you try to cover and censor the company name. Listen people, fuck the company and their name and their brand if someone's data might be in danger. Everybody should be aware of what is happening with their personal information.
Also, maybe would be great if devRant would let users to post anonymous rants for this kind of issues or a special thread with latest news about our online security.3
PM asked me to develop an application to fetch data from the customer's DB, which would require an access security token provided by the customer. To get the token, I would have to travel to Germany (I live in Portugal) to get it personally (it's not possible to have someone else pick it up for me).
It turns out the security token is a completely closed environment, with its own OS, without the possibility of installing any application or communicating with the exterior. The laptop itself would boot from the token's OS.
It was concluded I would have to hack the security token, which is completely non compliant. So the PM decided not to go forward with it.
But now, I have to go Germany anyway to pick up the security tokens because they forgot to order them for these other guys who would be using them to access the customer's DB manually and they don't want to delay the project anymore.
Oh, and the security tokens cost the project 500€/month each...4
Security Issues with Chrome:
My dad was just saying that his work wouldn't let him use Google Chrome because of its supposed 'security issuse'. Just wondered if anyone knew of any real 'security issuse' with chrome that are legitimate? Or is it all just rumours...12
I was 5 years old. My dad had just bought a Commodore 64. For the first few months, I just play games on it. But then I was watching a kids show, where they had kids showing off how they could program the computer. I was instantly in awe, And asked my mom to take me to the library the next day that I could pick out a book on computer programming. Fast forward to high school: It was 1995 and the movie "Hackers" had just hit theatres. I was in my freshman year and I met a bunch of kids who called themselves hackers. I learned a few tricks from them, went and saw the movie (terrible as it was in retrospect) and inspired me to pursue hacking as a career. At present I work for cyber security firm in Toronto as a DevOps Engineer, helping to build tools that will help developers write more secure code. On my 10% time at work by often take on consulting tasks and get a chance to sit in on pentests.2
What server monitoring do you use, both for statistics and security?
tl;dr ends here
Ideally I would like to have one clean dashboard that shows me all the nodes I have, proxmox already offers a great range of stats - but it is a page per container etc. so not ideal, I thought of having datadoghq, but their per host pricing is huge, since I have more than 5 hosts to track.12
When you've been looking forward to a lecture on security only to find out you have to hack their website in order to register and you're completely lost 😫5
Security! I wish clients would listen to me regarding security...
The client has started to ask me to give them access to all the logins I have for the email, domain, server etc.
I created them a new account and gave them admin access.
Now they’re asking for password for all the email accounts (I don’t even store them). So I asked why, she wanted to have them in case some of the employees forgot their password.
I explained to her, deeply and many times, WHY THIS IS A BAD FUCKING IDEA. I also discovered she’s keeping it in a document, clear text.
Why do they pay me for support, when they want to have access to everything...
I’m wondering if they’re planning to find someone else to do their support, or do it themselves.
I didn’t even think 25€ pr month is that expensive for support2
A couple of days ago, an individual attempted to convince me that the National Security Agency is capable of cracking Rijndael encryption; as a response, I informed the individual of the infeasible nature of the factoring of extremely large semiprimes; however, my attempts were futile, as the individual believes that NSA possesses sufficient power to crack this encryption without intercepting the transmission of the corresponding private key.
The Dunning-Kruger effect is real; although this individual tends to be logically-minded, there does exist an exception to this good behaviour.
"It is easier to square a circle than get 'round a mathematician."1
Privacy peeps, what's your opinion on usage of surveillance for national defence, domestic security, etc. ?
I'm just curious, most privacy-minded people I know generally trip up when confronted with stuff like "yeah, but if surveillance was a thing then that blast which killed 20 people yesterday could have been averted."
I've heard quite a few opinions on both sides, what's yours?23
I've been interested in security for years but despite knowing the theory I've always had this disconnect with actually doing it, about two years ago I finally managed to find and exploit my first cross-site scripting vulnerability in my companies Product whilst doing some routine acceptance testing. It was a penny drop moment for me which has led to some very interesting projects and It was pretty badass.
Stackoverflow has introduced the latest evolution in computer security - Dance Dance Authentication
I was taught that an IDS is a passive protection method, and an IPS is active. My security+ boot camp is trying to tell me IDS is active. Thoughts?
And yes, I'm still studying for this, I've been avoiding it because I'm salty I failed by one. But now it's a requirement, so I have no more time to avoid. :(4
When customers pretend to really care about security but then share server folders to "everyone" 🤨2
Security check at the airport, I hand hover my surface pro as usual, the guy asked if I have also an ipad... Lol man I don't need that expensive toy limited to stupid apps1
Anybody else feel like their Internet traffic constanty being monitored after downloading pen testing tools?
Have our identities been added to lists of potential cyber criminals :/
(For ethical purposes - involving your own site's security!!)2
Today we start working on a app that learns biometric data from the user for extra security, so if some one else uses my account... The system would know and shuts the bad user out. Although we use an api for the biometric data collection, it's still epic! 😀😀😀
Only bad thing is that the deadline is next week3
1. Setup an Amazon.com account.
2. Setup an Amazon Web Services account under the same e-mail address
3. Setup two-factor authentication for both systems.
4. Login to Amazon Web Services in a new browser session, and you'll be required to provide BOTH security tokens at login (Amazon.com first, then AWS second.)3
Why is it that security (hacking) distros went so popular?
I see more and more posts pictures even on devrant featuring them. Even I see people at my uni that are on kali. I can't believe all of them are that into security. I even know two linux noob friends that wont listen to advice and went to kali as first distro.
I'd never use kali/parrot/whatever vs my current manjaro setup... I'd rather go back to arch.8
People, even on devrant, are complaining about having to change their Twitter passwords. A major security event is not the only occasion to change your password (for anything).
You should change your passwords for everything regularly. Like, once every month or two.
This is why password managers are brilliant.5
Anyone here has any apps that they want to get tested for vulnerabilities and stuff?
I am training for job in it-security field but it's hard to find a starting point for testing a real app/site/whatever
So I would like to test some stuff you guys make, just for fun8
So a ticketmaster security breach.
If you bought tickets using ticketmaster between September-2017 and June-2018 beware. Globally.
Cryptography and Network Security
Got the book ^ ^
Feel free to comment any cool book about security :)4
So I was like "imma be smart with my internet security and put 2 factor on my GitHub" only to find out I'm getting authenticating errors on trying to push. Disabling 2FA makes it work again.
GitHub y u do dis D:6
A very suspicious thing happened at work last Friday, security team told me to uninstall adblockplus and disconnect.me plugin 😟6
Working at a local seo sweat-shop as "whatever the lead dev does't feel like doing" guy.
Inherit their linux "server".
- Over 500 security updates
- Everything in /var/www is chmod to 777
- Everything in /var/www is owned by a random user that isn't apache
- Every single database is owned by root sql user
- Password for sudo user and mysql root user same as wifi password given to everyone at company.
- Custom spaghetti code dashboard with over 400 files in one directory, db/ api logins spread throughout these files, passwords in plain text.
- Dashboard doesn't have passwords, just usernames to login
- Dashboard database has all customer information including credit card stored in plain text
- Company wifi is shared by other businesses in the area
I suggest that I should try to fix some of these things.
Lead Developer / Tech Director : We're an SEO company, not a security company . . .10
Sux Security: Banking site asked me to set up 3 "security questions" for validation purposes. When I typed in my responses they were obfuscated behind asterisks.
When I log in later, from a different computer than usual, and am prompted for the answer to one of the security questions my answers appear in clear text.2
I reached out to a developer who's site was being contracted out to Amazon devs, because when their site launched it had a couple of security issues. This was his response:
"An additional thought/opinion... Just because a college freshman from Arizona wasn't too hungover to make the effort to notify us and take the liberty of classifying this as a security issue for us doesn't mean we need to take their word for it."7
Ugh, been debating with a client for an hour about basic backups and security practices and want to tear my hair out. How do you guys deal with stubborn clients?5
A fellow uni student shared this deal with everyone in our security course. The first place I thought of re-sharing it was here.
Hopefully my fellow devranters will find this a good deal.5
Can you do a security / privacy check for ProtonVPN? All I know is that it is Switzerland based and pretty much secure.9
I've implemented my own version of IoT all over my room and home.
Hope the protocol I've designed has proper security...1
Some Devs need to be better about sharing info. Like, I don't want to play 20Qs just to learn how to configure a system I never used. You have job security, don't worry! Other people are allowed to know what ya know; you don't need to impress anyone!1
How did you learn cyber security, especially pentesting ?
I know that making VM lab and/or doing CTFs and reading writeups can help a lot, but is there any more "formal" way to get into things like pentesting etc. ?
(Without having to pay for OSCP, Sans and all this)6
Wowza..... Security certifications get expensive! Gonna have to spend half the week writing one hell of a business case for the certs my team needs!2
Screw all the people who think standard email is "secure". It is not suitible for sending passwords and SSN numbers.
How can something Equifax or Marriott hacks have happened and people are still ok sending out information like this in plain text?!
I know their hacks weren't email released but still.....should be a good time to up some security standards. Right?7
I just said "bye" to all my Whatsapp groups, and finally got rid of that service ! (meaning deleting my account as well, not just uninstalling the app).
It's so hard to make people understand what is happening and what I think about security/privacy... Guess I'll have to wait for people to finally come to Signal or Keybase if they want to reach me more efficiently :)12
Recently I started to be interested in how code actually work. I do a for-loop or an if-statement but how do they actually work at the lowest level.
Another thing I've been interested in is security. I thought about learning how to hack my own systems in order to learn how to write more secure code and keep people out. But I'm a little afraid that as soon as I start look at how to hack, the police will storm through the window and take my computer 😂😂8
They tell me to only review security in the security reviews I'm doing (and if I bring to attention that they're implementing a weak encryption so even though they're not using it at the moment it might cause issues so be careful with that they say to only review security 😵) and then I see this mssql in a where:
AND ISNULL(field, 0) IS NULL
And I think wtf, should I report that? I did and it's a bug and they're thanking me now....
God dammit it's hard to "review security" here...3
Let’s not teach security in our online full stack web development course and let people worry about it when they get a developer job. If this keeps up I’m getting a lot of big bounties in the future 😞5
[Talk by a security expert. The main point was, complexity kills security.]
7 minutes later a friend via IM: Hey, let's use OpenStack! Just 33 micro services to install!
I think that my interview on Tuesday went well, 2 hours after the interview, i got invitation to second round of interviews and a simple " find security flaws in this code" test by email
It may have something to do with the fact that first thing in said i interview was: here is a list of security issues on the recruitment system you are using, it apparently stores passwords in plaintext and ******(Redacted)******
I'm feeling pretty good right now3
I stumbled upon this github repo , thought anyone working on a web app could get some tips from it :
Hope this helps.3
The most frustrating part of the "your password must be min. 8 characters long and include a number and a special character" thing is that it does not improve security.
On the contrary.
I wonder how many people in the company have the name of the city they are located in, and the current year in their password...
Signed up for an account on an online store, which then proceeded to send me my full password in plaintext, and in an unencrypted email.
Sent them an email 3 weeks ago detailing the security issue (i was extremely nice about it), but no response.
What else can i do?5
Today, carrying my dinner to a table in our universities cafeteria, I passed by the table of a professor. He had a book on his table titled "Hacking Handbook". It contains chapters on httrack, ping, port scans and the like (I checked that on Amazon).
The professor drank a coffee, then got up to get some food. His table was directly next to the wall separating the food corner from the tables. He stayed away from his computer for two or three minutes. Both table and computer where totally out of his field of vision during that time. His computer was not locked and Outlook was open.
The professor teaches IT security.5
So much talk about wannacry and security, but everyone will forget in a few weeks and go back to using old unpatched OS with vulnerabilities.. Why don't people understand that security is a necessity, not a luxury!6
Has anyone used python within cyber security?
I really want to get into cyber security. I'm curious what programming languages are used within that industry.4
Cure for Imposter Syndrome:
Go try to find a freelancer for a project, for something like "adding OAuth to existing .net web API 2 and angular.ja project" and many many developers respond. You will be shocked at how little they know, they say they understand the job but are clearly incompetent.
Best job security ever. Also, just suck it up and do it yourself 😆
Doing a talk on 'Security in PHP' and live demo on web attacks and safeguard tips this Saturday. Any tips fellow Ranters...?13
Dude at work floats the idea of creating separate Github accounts for personal and work for security. My response:
While we're discussing options, we should also consider maintaining a list of users as a CSV^H^H^H MS Excel file, and install an authentication server that runs off the laptop of an "IT Administrator". That way it'll be super secure because hackers cannot access any system outside of working hours, as well as the days that said admin is off from work.3
Mfw on azure/iot conference, one presenter shows his certificate validation, to connect to all devices in his house:
"lets not be paranoid about security"
Anyone there who uses a mac, and are somewhat conscious about security, I recommend reading through this page:
Any ranting about choice of OS and hardware, I'll show you why my nick is ChainsawBaby1
Well for starters the website that gave you assignments on security of web applications shouldn't have an SQL injection vulnerability on the login page.
Next would be the method of teaching, they would skip what not to do and go straight to what you should do. This in turn causes people to use the exec command in php that actually takes a POST parameter.
And stop allowing teachers to be lazy fucks that don't explain shit and only give you assignments.
And finally when telling the teacher that a method he uses would cause another vulnerability the teacher should properly fix this issue not say it is for an "advanced course".
Yes I am pissed
Remember, while software security is important, not enough physic security completely ruins that.
It doesn't matter how secure your software is if the attacker has it for an unlimited amount of time.
It doesn't matter how secure your network is, if the attacker can walk up to an unlocked computer.
It doesn't matter of you use the best hashing algorithm, if the attacker has the whole database.
If you walk away from your computer for too long and don't lock it, I will mess with it. I won't do anything nasty, but I will teach you about physically securing your devices.1
My country has the best security experts. They convince people that they are not thiefs, Then when people believe them and give them their data, They change the password.1
Im not sure if im a good or bad person by allowing my users to set a weak password.
They get to use almost whatever they want, but it may be bruteforced easily.
I let users decide their own security on that point.5
What makes WhatsApp not privacy friendly? They don't state that they share contact information and only statistical stuff (App last opened, etc.) Which is marketing, but not really bad. And they use end to end encryption.
By the way, this here is there Whitepaper on end to end encryption. But haven't read through it yet. https://whatsapp.com/security/...15
My bank just switched from RSA SecurID to SMS-based 2-factor authentication, claiming it offers "equal security".
Is it not common knowledge that SMS 2FA is a security joke?? What the fuck guys?!?
Learning information security yet again after doing multiple information security things for company and manager is pushing to do it saying "due immediately" and they're after sending "a number of emails" (it's due in a month and they sent 1 email).
Annoying that these things must be done again and again just because someone in sales let something slip or left their journal behind like a dumb dumb. It's not like I'm never off-site with my stuff or I interact with customer(s) yet1
Having a meeting with an old client of our company's today, guiding him through the deployment process for his front and backend, because he thought that we were withholding information, and at one point in the call he asks me if the './' at the beginning of the deployment script was a special security measure put in place by us... 😂
Anyone have much success with Kali/WiFi penetration testing?
I've been tasked with trying to break WPA security within a couple of hours without a dictionary attack - is that even possible?
I have an Alfa AWUS036NHA capable of monitoring mode if that makes any difference. It's my first time trying anything like this.10
I've always considered myself a stalwart proponent of strong, effective security. But I'll be damned if my company's security policy isn't choking it's developers out.
It's like whenever a developer requirement and potential security vulnerability meet, the company doubles down on the security side, ignores their dev's needs entirely, and then takes a privilege away just to punish us for having the audacity to try and do our God damn jobs.6
What's the best natural language processing software that won't f you up?
I'm a big fan of Alexa's capabilities but we all know that Alexa is to security what North Korea is to democracy.
Is there any software that can compete with powerhouses that are Alexa, Google home, Siri or cortana?4
He said to test it out before class, he wrote a lil JS script and submitted it to a text field using IE and then again using Chrome.
IE let the script run no problems (big surprise) but chrome blocked the script from running.
He doesn’t use Firefox, but I just recently switched from chrome to FF so I tested it out in class on FF.
I was surprised to see FF ran the script no problem. Surprised because I made the switch because of security reasons, my partner helped me secure all my shit and we both switched to FF cause every resource suggested it.
This is just one small case that I feel isn’t a huge deal, my prof said any decent dev will strip tags or whatever, but made me think: are there any other security concerns with FF? Am I right to consider it a more secure and therefore “better” browser?4
So after waiting 3 days for an ID to get into a computer, I'm now told it's going to take 12-14 hours before I can do online security training just so I can actually start working. I'm only at this job for a month and I'm not going to even touch any real work at this rate...
Oh well, at least I'm paid by the hour, not by the amount of work
This rant is tribute to the guy who doesn't allow you to login to site before authorization..
the level of security one can never imagine 😂
Trying to get my head round LDAP for , what will eventually be, a government project.
Security up the wazoo is difficult1
When you hear that the "advanced hollistic security" product the client bought is a basic firewall...1
When a junior develops an API call which return the user information and there is session_key and password encrypted in it too.
Dude! do you even know some basic security ! Please don't just Select * From table join table only !3
Getting all the shitty half-broken stuff because you're 'just a contractor'...
...and not being allowed to use your own top-of-the-range stuff due to 'data security policies' 😧1
Attempted to install MetaTrader 5 with wine on linux, loving the irony of "... please install using Window 7 ... trading requires maximum security" bahaha4
Been thinking about taking up server-side programming (I'm mobile).
Should I go with something like node.js, which I'm a bit familiar with and is quite popular or should I try another language/platform? Maybe Rust (given it's similar to Swift) or even Swift itself.
Any good resources (tutorials, guides, etc.) would be much appreciated, especially if they focus on security.
Want to use Http-VPN. Now I have to use Internet Explorer and Java and have to disable all security on my system. Fml
Losing faith in Netflix and their awesome open source projects.
Had a hard time trying to install Security Monkey : poor quality quickstart Ubuntu-only, almost no documentation, same instructions for latest (aka dev) and stable (aka prod) version, no depencies list ... oh and the UI display well only on Chrome ..
Then you surrender and just want to check the dockerized version they provide : it doesn't work neither (build fail or back end process just shut down) !!
I'm done ...
Guys, I'm changing my email provider and am looking for a (paid) one that focuses on security and data privacy. Any suggestions/experiences?5
In highschool right now and I'm seriously interested in network and information security. I recently managed to work out possible internships at some top security firms based out of sweden. I am super stoked and am excited to see the pros work. Might be interesting.
Team are getting into using Machine learning for anomalous behaviour detection for authentication and traffic behaviour... It's so interesting and another useful tool in our security arsenal
Had a client whom was using the staging system on my server as cdn, remote computing, etc... because his prod server was a cheap vhost while the vm was a beast compared to it. I shut it down without telling. I just got a call that his site is now slow a f and full of errors.
I kindly told him that there was a recent security breach called dirty cow. Then I told him that I shut the vm down because it would mean security risk for him since there are no patches available yet and only Power on again with there was work for me to do.
If you want resources pay for them
I'm studying for the Security+ cert exam. I hate how I'm getting practice questions wrong because I mix up the port numbers between SFTP and FTPS! As if I wouldn't Google that in a heartbeat if I was configuring a firewall...
Many out there say you should use 2 factor authentication with everything, but personally i feel lile that would just turn your phone into a sigle point of failure.
Phisical security is my primary worry, because loosing your phone or having it stolen yould pretty much lock you out of all your accounts.
Another thing is i don't know as much about android security, and i wouldn't be confortable managing it.
I have 2FA active for some key services, but imho a strong password is usually enough. I think its far more more importat for your overall security to avoid passwords re-use.
What do you think? Do you have 2FA on all the time?9
@dfox Was watching your live stream today and you talked about security... You should really add an HSTS preload directive to devrant.io to prevent spoofing.1
Yeah, so when you create an account just about anywhere nowadays, you need to choose a strong password. Fair enough. But then, some sites/services/systems require a second password, sort of a password hint as an extra security for retrieving your first password in case you forget it. Well OK...That hint question just becomes very *in*secure when you must choose from some extremely stupid presets like "In which town were you born?" or "What was your mother's maiden name?", all of which are trivia that for most people can be easily googled, or looked up on facebook ffs. And these "in which town did this or that happen?" questions? As there is only one town in my country it's not a long shot that I was born in Mariehamn, met my partner in Mariehamn and had my first job in Mariehamn. Security questions for imbecils.4
Have you ever wondered why the developer part of the tech world is so rich and full of community? Devrant is one example.
Coming from a background of IT and cybersecurity I've never felt this way before. Why the IT and security world isn't as rich?1
What would you do if you discover a major security flaw in an enterprise product that claims to be secure and has GDPR compliance? Like a really major flaw in a core feature of the product!10
Thinking of #password requirements: MumbaiNawazuddinSiddiqui123 is a valid password no? Has a capital, special character and numbers?7
Anyone have any recommendations on an open source security/malware scanner to run at server level for the OS and web server files on Linux?3
I took a systems security class when I was in college and the exams were the most difficult ones that I had. We had to do two exams and I felt pretty stupid on both.
Passed the exams but they gave me some doubts about my skills.
Is there an acceptable way to deal with API secrets in an Android app that can cure the anxiety that is slowly taking over me during the past few hours that I am researching about it? Thnx.
p.s. I am not sure how people that work in security can go on with their lives and not have suicidal tendencies10
Since I started my routine of checking bug logs every morning, I've had 2 instances where a website vulnerability scanner was run against a production website and generated over 2,000 Coldfusion errors.
At the time, I was super nervous about the apparent hack attempt, and hyped that the attackers never actually got in. It's nice to know that despite the various errors indicating vulnerable / breakable code, they were ultimately unsuccessful. I know now that a determined attacker could probably have wrecked our production websites. Since then I've made a ton of security-related updates and I'm actually thankful for the script kiddie getting my attention with that scan.
PS. We're now building a website for a local security company who is going to work with us to pen test the site when it's finished! Gulp.4
Because of the current debate I'm starting to get more into all the cyber security and privacy stuff.
So now I am searching for a password manager.
Do you have any recommendations for me?
Or maybe some additional tools I really need to use?
(Got PGP for mail, signal as my new messenger, a vpn and tor for now)4
google security support... people get mad for only TEN (?) years XP support1
Is anyone in the house working on Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB)? If yes, how is the domain and what's the market value of it?
Tomorrow I must present a summery of what the prof said in the first session of security+ within 20 min.
All he said was about the most important security certs and some definitions including CIA triangle.
Any idea how I can make my summery cooler or anything relative I can say in addition to those?8
I love doing multiple tech things. Development, Ops and security. Why can't people see this as tech experience and not individual subdomain experience. Why can't people switch jobs easily over Dev, Sec and Ops?
What. Setproctitle actually changes /proc/PID/cmdline? Who thought that was a good idea? Now a bunch of people at my "security" company think that makes the command line a safe way to pass secrets.1
How many of you devs came across sites with shitty security and thought to yourself that you could take this site down easily?2
Hey security peeps how do you think group chats are security protected? Are they really end to end encrypted?9
I've been working for so long with API integrations and one part of that is security. We perform ssl key exchanges for 2-way verification and a large percent of those partners provides me with their own pkcs12 file which contains their private and public keys! What's the sense of the exchange!? I think they just implement it just to boast that they "know" how ssl works,
Anyone tried this Krypt.co thing? I just tried setting it up and I hooked up my Github and Google account with it. The odd thing during the connection, it kept asking me to add it as a Security Key. I didn't realize the Chrome Extension tricked the browser to think that it had a security key connected to it.
How did you get the people from Info Security and Compliance on board this continuous delivery thing ?
I am being asked to run antivirus scans on my own code and binaries as part of build.
Is this common practice? Am I missing something?
I am going to deploy stuff on Azure PaaS. I can understand having malware scan agent on azure VMs scanning the infra, but this?4
what about security ! when u put your file url to update - insert - download data in databes ! u give easy access to evry hacker in word ! how can i secur it 😑😑?3
Gf asked me to help her with getting science articles. She had some page that her university suggested students to use, but had troubles with downloading documents.
At first I was like "Hey, it says use IE, other browsers are not supported. Thats bad but.. whatever". Then it popped that she needs Java enabled - well, I guess we have to... Even updated it cause it was needed.
Restarted IE, clicked download again and... Java security blocked web app... Eh, I don't trust it but whatever, just let's check what if I whitelist it.
Got some basic view, 1 dropdown list for "file name format" (like anybody cares), path selection where to save file, and some checkbox. Lame, but let's just leave it behind.
Downloaded, it turned out to be html file, not pdf, fishy that it was single file, but hoped for some text styled with css, so I opened it and got redirected to page where I clicked download.
Checked that file content - html with empty body and script tag containing js that redirects on load.
When you discover a rather big security flaw in a mate code and your boss tell you that he might fix it for "version 2", for now we are good. Wtf, we are just hurting ourselves if this shit gets discovered by some other guy.
We are developing an android app for management and selling, for other company and we are a litte short in time for finishing the first version, but fuck, its a big security flaw.
I've implemented Chat function for my app. Since I'm a security noob what is the preferred way of encrypting the messages End-to-end maybe?
I'm definitely not leaving them as plain text :)5
How many people on devRant are skilled with pentesting / Offensive Security? How long did it take you to understand it? How do you keep yourself from crossing over white hat territory into grey hat territory?3
Hey all. So I'm a bit of an aspiring developer/engineer. I am in highschool right now and am getting to the point where I should start looking at colleges. Ive wanted to do something computer related and for a while now ive had my heart set on some sort of security engineer/tech/researcher what have you. But it has been pointed out to me that computer sciences often require several high level math courses namely Calc. Problem being I'm pretty bad at Calc and haven't been able to do too well.
I'm not too sure what I should do. I'm struggling with my highschool calc classes and and fear that college level course will just go over my head. Ive never had issues with math before until I got to Calc. Ive got some of the basics of cryptography such as hashes and cryptographic alorithms but thats about it. Do computer science degrees really rely that heavily on Calc?7
Let's play a game.
Theme: Security awareness - grey-hat style.
How to play:
Post the name of the site followed by actual bad-password restrictions of well-known companies in the comments.
If no-one beats me to it, I plan to share some of the more alarming ones(or all) on a twitter and tag the relative companies as well as various security enthusiasts.4
How do I go about JWT based authentication in Spring Security for rest APIs?
I work in nodejs environment, and I'd like to switch to Java/Spring in the next year or so.
My strategy was to implement, whatever I have learned in the professional field as a nodejs developer, in Spring's environment.
Currently I am stuck with JWT based authentication. In Spring's environment can't we use JWT as a standalone utility? Based on the documentation and tutorials, I have to use it with AuthorisationServer and ResourceServer which I need to implement using Spring oAuth2.1
So I changed my FB account password and it gave me email notification with an ip address. And then when I logged in it gave me another notification email with a different IP address this time. Should I be concerned about my network security? This is just SO ANNOYING!!!2
Hey there, I've never really done anything like this but I'm in the second year of college.
I really want to go into the security area, not completely sure but pretty inclined to pentesting.
The question is, what, in your opinion, do you think is a good starting point so I'm pretty much ready to start working when I finish my 5 year course? My college doesn't have any or many security classes, so I'll have to do it all by myself.
Security expert advices over security is like a priest preaching about the way of life. Both of them tend to same thing that it would protect from `evil`
Good arch based security/privacy distros? I only know about BlackArch. Are there any good alternatives that are also pretty userfriendly for everyday work/development tasks?4
For persistence, either credentials or data, is there any best practice that prefer DATABASES over FILES? Files such as JSON or txt or whatever...
Do dbs offer better perfomance or security?💾6
Sometimes I'll block a code submission with the words security vulnerability", then go have a 10 minute break to see if the others can spot it on their own.
Is there any way to become a security expert form online courses and get an average salary job staying at home? Need to know. Thanks
I'm currently learning assembly in school and...I acctually kinda like it. (To my surprise). I was wondering if there were any good resources for learning about security at the assembly/system level?1
I'm lost here 😑! Got a new job and I supposed to analyze/fix/update/ the communication softwares/hardwares internally. Data security is insanely important and everything should be inexpensive 😑. Any suggestion what I can use as softwares and communication tools?7
How much of a security risk is it to serve static data from a json file on flask? Values are posted from a mobile device to a server to groom objects to return. My coworker is giving me a lot of shit for it as the file is accessed through a relative path, but the file names are checked and sanitised. He says the objects should be in a database.3
One dev at the company I work is developing an API and the response for all the requests are basically the same.
However, for example, if you request a login and your credentials are wrong the response gives you:
But if the credentials are correct, the response gives you:
Is that correct? I mean, does that compromises security?5
Facebook's security is so bad it's surprising Zuckerberg hasn't deleted his account
Dear Fellow Programmers,
I want to become Cyber Security Specialist and currently learning Java (beginner ). Please, tell me is it a good language for this type of activity and what else should I learn.2